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Friday, July 10, 2020 | History

2 edition of Dutch elm disease, Graphium ulmi found in the catalog.

Dutch elm disease, Graphium ulmi

by G. P. Clinton

  • 229 Want to read
  • 30 Currently reading

Published by Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station in New Haven .
Written in English


Edition Notes

StatementG.P. Clinton and Florence A. McCormick
SeriesBulletin / Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station -- no.389, Bulletin (Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station) -- 389.
ContributionsMcCormick, Florence A. (Florence Anna)
Classifications
LC ClassificationsSB608.E5 C5 1936
The Physical Object
Paginationp. [700]-752, 8 leaves of plates :
Number of Pages752
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL24637729M
OCLC/WorldCa5248385

While researching the Dutch elm disease, I found that researching a fungus was a hard thing to do. But I did find a couple of good websites on how they get food and a lot of information on the local example, Herbie, the elm that used to live in Yarmouth, Maine. Is the Elm Disease an Infectious Disease? The Elm Disease, Report on the Research Conducted at the Behest of the Dutch Heath Society Chapter 5: Christine Johanna Buisman ( – ) Biography The Cause of the Elm Disease Ceratostomell aumi, the Sexual Form of Graphium ulmi On the Occurrence of Ceratostomella ulmi Busiman in Nature.

Although the beetle has behaved essentially as an economically insignificant secondary phloem-feeding bark beetle, with three instars at the larval stage, it is important to urban forestry as a potential vector of Ceratocystis ulmi (Dutch elm disease). Should this disease be discovered, the following control measures would immediately be. For an elm tree, it is a victory to outlive the deadly Dutch elm disease—an arboreal epidemic repeatedly ravaging many elms in Scotland. 4,5 In particular, the Dutch elm disease is caused by (often fatal) infections of certain sac fungi transmitted to European elm trees by the European elm bark beetle and the large elm bark beetle.

Abstract. Bark beetles of the genus Scolytus Geoffroy are the main vectors of the fungus Ophiostoma ulmi s.l., which causes the Dutch elm disease. The large and small elm bark beetles - S. scolytus (F.) and S. multistriatus (Marsham), respectively - are the most common and important species spreading the pathogen worldwide. The success of the pathogen-insect interactions is mainly due to the. Dutch elm disease (Ceratocystis ulmi) changed all that. Dutch elm disease is a wilt fungus that grows in the sapwood of elms. The fungus was first encountered in in the Netherlands. Over the next few years, elms across central and southern Europe were found to be succumbing to the fungus.


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Dutch elm disease, Graphium ulmi by G. P. Clinton Download PDF EPUB FB2

Dutch elm disease, Graphium ulmi / Related Titles. Series: Bulletin (Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station) ; By. Clinton, G. (George Perkins), McCormick, Florence A. (Florence Anna) Type. Book Material. Published material. Publication info. Dutch elm disease, Graphium ulmi by Clinton, G.

(George Perkins), ; McCormick, Florence A. (Florence Anna)Pages: THE DUTCH ELM DISEASE, GRAPHIUM ULMI, IN CONNECTICUT THIS fungous disease was first found in Connecticut in the fall of A short account of it, up to the first of April,was. published in Bulletinpageof the Plant Pest Hand Book of Connec-ticut.

Dutch elm disease Since then the finding of over 50 infected trees. Audio Books & Poetry Community Audio Computers, Technology and Science Music, Arts & Culture News & Public Affairs Non-English Audio Spirituality & Religion.

Librivox Free Audiobook. Fristaden Bible Therapy Full text of "Dutch elm disease, Graphium ulmi" See other formats. About this book This book presents an often overlooked fact: that the pioneering research on Dutch elm disease was done by women scientists.

These women studied and recorded the earliest information on this disease. Vectors of disease •Insects: 1) the native elm beetle 2) the smaller European elm beetle. The beetles can fly for several miles, allowing the disease to spread over a wide area •Root grafts: when elms are within 50 feet of one another, their roots can grow together and disease passes easily along.

Important in. prevent the spread of the Dutch elm disease (Cer'atostomella ulmi Buisman (Graphium ulmi Schwarz)), a dangerous plant disease not heretofore widely prevalent or distributed within and throughout the United States.

Now, therefore, under authority conferred by section 8 of the Plant Quaran. Ophiostoma ulmi is a species of fungus in the family Ophiostomataceae. It is one of the causative agents of Dutch elm disease.

It was first described under the name Graphium ulmi, and later transferred to the genus Ophiostoma. Ceratostomella ulmi Buisman () Ceratocystis ulmi (Buisman) () Ophiostoma ulmi is a species of fungus in the family Ophiostomataceae.

It is one of the causative agents of Dutch elm disease. It was first described under the name Graphium ulmi, and later transferred to the genus Ophiostoma.

Dutch elm disease originated in Europe in the early s. Dutch elm disease, widespread fungoid killer of elms (Ulmus species) and certain other trees, first described in the Netherlands.

Spread by bark beetles, the disease has decimated elm populations throughout much of Europe and North America. English elm afflicted with Dutch elm disease A to Z Botanical Collection/Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.

DUTCH ELM DISEASE (GRAPHIUM ULMI) IN CONNECTICUT Any disease that threatens the existence of the American elm strikes very deeply in the hearts of all New Englanders.

Planted in almost every state in the Union, nowhere is this tree more highly prized for pure beauty than here on the eastern seaboard. It has become an essential feature of.

The rise of Dutch Elm Disease has been a devastating event in the history of tree diseases. It is caused by the fungi Ophiostoma novo-ulmi and O. ulmi and is vectored by bark beetles. The disease is referred to as "Dutch" Elm Disease because it was first described in Holland inalthough the pathogen originated in the orient.

Try the new Google Books. Check out the new look and enjoy easier access to your favorite features Dutch Elm Disease: The Early Papers elms diseased trees diseased wood Dutch elm disease elm bark beetles ELM SPECIES elm trees F.

Holmes foliage fungal fungi fungus Graphium ulmi Schwarz Haarlem Hague healthy hyphae inoculation. Dutch elm disease (DED) is caused by a member of the sac fungi (Ascomycota) affecting elm trees, and is spread by elm bark gh believed to be originally native to Asia, the disease was accidentally introduced into America and Europe, where it has devastated native populations of elms that did not have resistance to the has also reached New agents: Ophiostoma ulmi, Ophiostoma.

The Dutch elm disease is caused by three fungal species: a) Ophiostoma ulmi (Buisman) Nannf. sensu stricto, initially termed the non-aggressive subgroup of O.

ulmi sensu lato (= Ceratocystis ulmi), a more weakly pathogenic fungus, responsible for the first pandemic of the disease in Europe and North America in the s—s; b) Ophiostoma novo-ulmi Brasier was initially termed the.

Science 18 Jan Vol. 81, Issuepp. DOI: /science Immediately download the Dutch elm disease summary, chapter-by-chapter analysis, book notes, essays, quotes, character descriptions, lesson plans, and more - everything you need for studying or teaching Dutch elm disease.

Introduction T HE DUTCH ELM DISEASE is the common name of a trouble first described from Holland inand nine years later identified in the United States. Early in its history this disease was found to be caused by a fungus new to science and called Graphium ulmi, ulmi being the generic name of the host upon which it occurred.

The hyphae and spores of O. ulmi s.l. are predominantly uninucleate; the somatic nuclei are haploid {}. Hyphal-mediated spore formation can occur directly on the mycelium (Sporothrix state, Fig. 6C) or successively through asexual fruiting bodies (Graphium state, Fig.

6D). All three asexual stages are able to complete the vegetative life cycle. The saprophytic phase. As soon as a beetle vector contaminated with sticky O. ulmi s.l. spores starts to excavate a brood tunnel in a suitable host tree, the fungal conidia can be deposited.

In an elm tree previously infected with DED, two distinct sources of inoculum may contribute to the subsequent colonization of elm bark, i.e., beetle-introduced O. ulmi s.l. and xylem-derived O. ulmi s.l. This bibliography, a revised (to May, ) and expanded edition of a similar list published incomprises titles of papers appearing on the Dutch elm disease (Graphium [Ceratostomella] ulmi) [see above, pp.

81, and preceding abstracts] in scientific, semi-scientific', and certain popular American and foreign journals.Dutch elm disease is caused by the fungus Ceratocystis ulmi (Fig. ). This fungus overwinters in infected and recently killed trees, in stumps, and in recently cut brush and logs.

The fungus is carried from infected wood to healthy trees by elm bark beetles.Dothiorella ulmi Verrall & May Dutch elm disease Ophiostoma ulmi (Buisman) Nannf. = Ceratocystis ulmi (Buisman) C. Moreau (anamorph: Pesotum ulmi (M.B. Schwarz) J.L. Crane & Schoknecht = Graphium ulmi M.B. Schwarz) O. novo-ulmi C.

Brasier Leaf blister Taphrinaulmi (Fuckel) Johans. Mistletoe (infection).